Airconditioned freight? Who will bear the cost?

RN Bhaskar  —  1 February 2020

To build a seamless national cold supply chain for perishables, inclusive of milk, meat and fish, the Indian Railways will set up a “Kisan Rail” – through PPP arrangements. There shall be refrigerated coaches in Express and Freight trains as well.

Nirmala Sitharaman in her Budget2020 speech

There are two problems with air-conditioned trains and air-conditioned coaches.    They are expensive, both in capex and in operational terms as well.  Second, if you are talking about airconditioned trains, you need a dedicated freight corridor.  This is because without a dedicated corridor, freight trains are asked to move aside to let passenger trains get priority over right of way.  That is why, a freight train from Delhi to Mumbai can take anywhere between 7-10 days, when the journey can be covered in 18 hours.

That is why airconditioned coaches and trains are only used for value-added products, not just plan commodity crops.

Thus to make the airconditioned coaches meaningful, the government will first have to set up food processing facilities to value-add the agricultural produce, give it a longer shelf life, and to allow it to pay the higher freight charges applicable.

Once again the government is talking about air-conditioned freight coaches, without first setting into place food processing and value-addition units.  Once again the card before the horse.

The only player who has got his act right is Adani Logistics which has a cold chain facility on the dedicated freight corridor to pick up apples, sort them, preserve them, move them from J&K and Himachal Pradesh and then send them for exports.  The other is milk where the white revolution worked on short runs through trains using air-conditioned tankers. Other crops have yet to get their strategies, costings and pricing right.

That needs to be done first.


Comments can be posted to